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Collections / Glossary
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Antique: usually any object over 100 years old

Arctophile: teddy bear lover or collector

Armoire: a very large and highly decorated cupboard or wardrobe

Arts and Crafts Movement: a movement to improve the standards of late Victorian craftsmanship

Art Deco: the modernist style popular between the two world wars and characterised by geometric forms

Art Nouveau: introduced in the latter part of the 19th century and remaining popular until the start of the First World War, it was characterised by elaborate design and curving lines

Aubusson: French tapestries produced in the town of the same name

BADA: British Antique Dealers` Association

BAFRA: British Antique Furniture Restorers` Association

Baroque: a hugely flamboyant style of decorating furniture and other objects popular in the 17th and 18th centuries. Typical decorations used were cherubs, flowers, fruit, etc.

Biedermeyer: a classical style developed in Germany in the 1820s, particularly seen in furniture which is often made of blond coloured wood

BHI: British Horological Institute

Boulle work: a technique perfected by Andre Charles Boulle which used tortoiseshell and brass in marquetry decoration

Buyers Premium: a percentage added to the final bid price by an auctioneer and charged to the buyer - i.e. if you successfully bid ?100 for an item and the buyers premium is 15% you will pay ?115

Cabriole leg: popular in the 18th century, the design of a furniture leg based on a curved animal`s leg.

Chasing: a hammered decorative technique used on metal

Chatelaine: Chains, worn at the waist, made to carry keys, a watch, an etui, etc.

Chesterfield: a large button-backed sofa

Chiffonier: a cupboard below one large or two smaller drawers with low shelves above

Chinoiserie: European decoration based on Chinese motifs and style, popular in the 17th and 18th centuries

Chippendale (Thomas): An 18th century English furniture maker whose name became synonymous with fine furniture of the period.

Chryselephantine: a substance made from a combination of bronze and ivory used, predominantly, by Art Deco designers

Cloisonne: a decorative technique using metal strips to enclose coloured enamels

Coffer: now used for any chest with a lid on top, once used for a travelling trunk

Collectables: this word covers a multitude of objects but usually refers to items that are not antique but are expected to appreciate in value or are so interesting that people collect them

Commode: the French term for a chest of drawers

Console table: a side table usually attached to a wall

Creamware: Cream coloured earthenware pottery; Wedgwood perfected the form.

Cross-banding: thin strips of veneer, cut across the grain, used to decorate furniture

Daguerreotype: A type of photograph invented by Louis Daguerre in 1839.

Distressing: the process of inflicting minor damage (dents, scratches, stains) to simulate age on a new piece (see fake)

Ebonised: Stained black to imitate ivory

Ephemera: Generally collectable items not designed to last, especially paper collectables like postcards, photographs, posters, etc

Escritoire: A French writing desk

Etui: a small case for carrying sewing items, sometimes carried on a chatelaine (see above)

Faпence: French tin-glazed pottery

Fake: a piece made to deceive: it is usually a copy of an antique and then distressed to simulate age

Flatware: flat tableware such as plates

Flow blue: a type of blue and white pottery on which the blue pattern deliberately flows into the white background

Gadooning: A decorative border consisting of a series of curves

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