An early-to-mid 20th century style, Modernism, one extreme of the Art Deco movement, was austerely functional in its purest form. It drew on Machine Age sensibilities and minimized ornament in favor of extreme simplicity of form following function.
Neo-classicism, which is sometimes called Louis XVI, lasted from 1750 through 1800. Travel into Greece, Italy, and the Near East during this time produced archaeological discoveries, and publications about these were spread through Europe. In response, designers of this period looked to classical art for inspiration. Chair backs took on rectangular or shield shapes, and slender, straight lines were the rule.
Popular from the 1820s in Europe and from the 1840s in North America, this style features such motifs as pinnacles, crockets, and trefoils.
An American style created in the early 18th century. The most relevant feature is the cabriole leg. The cabriole leg is a bowed, offset leg that grows from the floor around the entire piece. Walnut is the favored wood, but maple and cherry are also used. Mahogany began to achieve popularity during this time.
Generically, a traditional furniture style characterized by majestic forms. Many especially European furniture styles are further characterized by the name of the specific monarch or monarchical dynasty during the style`s time period, such as William and Mary and Tudor.
Essentially a continuation of the neo-classical style with a stronger archaeological emphasis. Napoleon`s campaigns in Egypt inspired the use of Egyptian ornament. Mahogany furniture took on winged lion supports and pilasters headed with sphinxes` busts or palm leaves.
In the early 20th century, Rietveld style grew from the Dutch Arts and Crafts movement with a strong Frank Lloyd Wright influence. Machined forms and manmade materials figured in this style, which sought to preserve the integrity of Arts and Crafts while embracing the modern world.
This movement began in Italy in the 13th century and continued through the 17th century. After it was introduced in France it spread throughout northern Europe. It often features ornamentation inspired by Italians Michelangelo and Raphael. The furniture is true to the purpose of the piece and often incorporates mythological or biblical figures. Walnut is often the wood of choice.
A variation of the Federal style.
A contemporary retrospective view, which reinterprets some of the best-loved looks from the 1930s to 1980s. The mood of these pieces is playful and ironic. The classics have extra emotional punch because you recognize such items as exaggerated Hollywood sofas, 1950s boomerang tables or wacky `70s chairs from late night films, TV sitcoms and old cartoons.
A French-influenced style that dominated the first half of the 18th century, essentially a lightening of the baroque period. Rosewood and fruit woods replace the darker woods used previously. The details of the furniture were more delicate, curved forms with smaller units of ornament.
Early medieval furniture with crude Roman influences. Characterized by arches and curves, simple geometric arrangements, coarsely rendered animal and plant forms, and paint in decorative hues. Found throughout Europe, the Romanesque style preceded Gothic and Renaissance styles.
The Russian style is a blending of styles from throughout Europe. The production of metal furniture can be considered a purely "Russian" phenomenon since the production of metal furniture was not found elsewhere in Europe at the time.
18th century utilitarian objects that were usually handmade of common materials. Decorations resembled natural growth of trees, etc. The strength and character of southwestern and Colonial Mexican design is included in this style, as are the hunting lodge looks of the Adirondacks and the northwest.